Rideau Canal


Rideau Canal
   Built in 1826-1832, by Colonel John By, with several companies of Royal Engineers. The first boat went through the canal in May, 1832, from Bytown (Ottawa) to Kingston. The project arose out of the War of 1812, and was mainly a military work, designed to afford a secure route for gunboats and military supplies between Montreal and the Great Lakes. This, with the other canals then built, remained under the control of the Imperial government until 1853. It was then handed over to the government of Upper Canada. In 1867 it came under the control of the Dominion government.
   Index: E Its origin as a military work, and importance to Upper Canada, 98. BL Its importance from a military point of view, 74.
   Bib.: Billings, The Rideau Canal (Women's Can. Hist. Soc. of Ottawa Trans., vol. 2).

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